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Taxonomy conform IOC World Bird List


  • Breeding range => Palearctic : widespread, Europe (except n), nw Africa, sw, c Asia through Russian Far East and Hokkaido (n Japan)
  • Nonbreeding range => to nw Himalayas and c, e China


  • C. c. coccothraustes - Europe to c Siberia and n Mongolia
  • C. c. buvryi - nw Africa
  • C. c. nigricans - s Ukraine, the Caucasus, ne Turkey and n Iran
  • C. c. humii - s Kazakhstan and e Uzbekistan to ne Afghanistan
  • C. c. shulpini - se Siberia, ne China and Korea
  • C. c. japonicus - Kamchatka, Sakhalin and Kuril Is. (se Russian) and Japan
Data Number
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Updated at: 2024-02-25 11:23:57
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