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Taxonomy conform IOC World Bird List


  • Palearctic : w, sw


  • C. p. palumbus - Europe to w Siberia, nw Africa and Iraq
  • C. p. maderensis † - Madeira (w Madeira group, nc Macaronesia, nw of n Africa)
  • C. p. azorica - c, e Azores (nw Macaronesia, nw of n Africa)
  • C. p. iranica - sw, n Iran to sw Turkmenistan
  • C. p. casiotis - se Iran to Kazakhstan to w China, nw India and Nepal
Data Number
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Updated at: 2024-02-25 11:52:40
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